Over the course of the class, we have discussed a plethora of “immigration” acts, laws, and court decisions beginning in colonial American through modern times. You will be assigned the ethnic group (Asian Americans) for which you will…
1) Create a timeline of significant laws, acts, and court decisions.
2) Identify patterns in laws, acts, and court decisions regarding ethnic groups in the U.S.
3) Identify relationships between social circumstances at a specific time and laws/acts/decisions created during that same time.
4) I attached a power point that has important timeline dates regarding Asian Americans please find more from before this timeline begins till present day if possible.
Please use as a reference The book Race and Ethnicity The United States and the World second edition. Specifically Chapter 11 name Asian American.
Term created in 1960s by second and third generation Americans of Asian descent
Largest immigrant Asian ethnic groups
Two waves of immigration
19th century to 1965
1865-1869 Central Pacific Railroad
Other Asian Groups
Early 1900s 1890s-1920
Immigration peak in U.S.
Foreign Miners Tax
Chinese Exclusion Act
the first federal law ever passed banning a group of immigrants solely on the basis of race or nationality
Improved relations during and after WWII
Chinatowns relics of nineteenth-century segregation
1898 U.S. Assumes colonial rule of Philippine Islands
An Francisco segregated Japanese students
Rescinded in 1908 in return for
Gentlemen s Agreement
Japanese gov. withheld visas
1913 Alien Land Law
Barred aliens fro owning or leasing agricultural land
1917 Asiatic Barred Zone
Immigration banned from Asian areas (including India)
1922 U.S. Supreme Court declared Japanese ineligible for citizenship
1923 U.S. Supreme Court Thind decision
Indian were considered Caucasian, but not white , therefore subject to alien land law, etc.
1924 Oriental Exclusion Act
Declared all Asians ineligible for citizenship
Filipinos exempted from immigration, but denied citizenship
1942 (Feb. 19) Executive Order 9066
All people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the West Coast (CA, OR, WA, AZ)
110,000-130,000 forcibly relocated interned in camps
1945 War Brides Act
Allowed spouses and minor children of American servicemen to migrate and become citizens more easily
Korean and Japanese wives barred until 1952
Many Asian immigrants during this period were women joining husbands
1965 Immigration Act
Ended national origin quota system
Emphasized family reunification
Several thousand Filipino doctors, engineers, and scientists came to work in the US followed by thousands of Filipino nurses and CNAs during the nursing shortages
South Asian immigration
Wars spurred massive refugee flow in 1975
Use of the term refugee
1980 Refugee Act
US formally accepted the UN definition of refugee
1988 Civil Liberties Act
$20,000 to all living internees
Formal apology by the government
1990 Immigration Act
Created annual quota for family brought in by sponsoring relatives
Preference quotas changed to old national origins quota system of 1925
Often inappropriately categorized by established Americans
a minority group (whether based on ethnicity, race or religion) whose members are perceived to achieve a higher degree of socioeconomic success than the population average
low crime rates
high family stability.
September 11, 2001
Persecution of Muslims and Asian Americans (South Asians)
Fastest growth in hate-crime victimization