# meteorological equator

meteorological equator

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The largest component by volume of dry air is oxygen.

true

false

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If water absorbed all light and did not scatter or reflect it, what color would the the ocean appear when viewed from above?

blue

black

white

red

yellow

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If a sound pulse is sent vertically downward into the sea and its reflected echo from the seafloor returns 6 seconds later, the depth of the water is _ meters.

9,000

12,000

3,000

6,600

4,500

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What property of water allows you to place a volume of water in a glass that is greater than the volume of the glass?

compressibility

surface tension

heat capacity

density

viscosity

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Imagine an experiment where we uniformly heat three containers, one with water, one with dry sand, one with damp sand. Which one would experience the greatest increase in temperature?

dry sand

it is impossible to tell with the information given

they would all heat up the same amount

damp sand

water

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Quiz – Introduction to Oceanography Section N01 Fall Semester 2013 CO… https://westga.view.usg.edu/d2l/lms/quizzing/user/attempt/quiz_attempt…

1 of 34 11/20/2013 3:24 PM

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Question 10 (1 point)

How many calories are required to convert 2 grams of ice at 0 degrees C to water vapor at 100 degrees C?

670

1440

160

2768

1180

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Forchhammer’s principle states that the _ of dissolved salts per unit volume of ocean water is nearly constant, even though the ____ may change.

amount, proportion

density, salinity

proportion, amount

quantity, equilibrium

equilibrium, quantity

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Approximately what percentage of seawater is dissolved solids?

86

2.5

3.5

none of the above

35

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When warm, moist air passes over cold water or a cold earth surface, _ fog is formed, and heat is transferred from __. (Hint: don’t panic, combine what you learned about fog with latent heat.)

radiative; water vapor to the surrounding air

radiative; the surrounding air to water vapor

advective; water vapor to the surrounding air

advective; the surrounding air to water vapor

sea smoke; water vapor to the surrounding air

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Which of the following is NOT necessary for radiation fog to occur?

Quiz – Introduction to Oceanography Section N01 Fall Semester 2013 CO… https://westga.view.usg.edu/d2l/lms/quizzing/user/attempt/quiz_attempt…

2 of 34 11/20/2013 3:24 PM

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no sunshine

little or no cloud cover

light or no surface breeze

cold, wet ground

moisture at ground level

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If all the world’s sea ice melted, sea level would

rise

fall

remain the same

you can’t tell from the given information

it depends on the season

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If the world’s sea ice melted, sea level would rise.

true

false

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A local coastal wind controlled only by daily temperature variation between land and water will blow __ during the day.

45 degrees to the right

onshore

45 degrees to the left

offshore

parallel to the shore

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What physical property is the driving force of convection cell circulation?

density

energy

calories

heat

viscosity

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The amount of energy from the sun entering the earth’s atmosphere

Quiz – Introduction to Oceanography Section N01 Fall Semester 2013 CO… https://westga.view.usg.edu/d2l/lms/quizzing/user/attempt/quiz_attempt…

3 of 34 11/20/2013 3:24 PM

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Question 19 (1 point)

cannot be measured

is the same across the tropics

does not vary with latitude

is always highest at the equator on the equinoxes

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