psychological development stage

psychological development stage

Erikson’s eight stages of psychological development theory can be used in assessing the past life experiences of an individual. The first stage is infancy (from birth to eighteen months). The second stage is the development stages (one and a half years to three years). The third stage is an early childhood stage (three years to five years) while the fourth stage is middle childhood (six years to puberty). The fifth stage is the adolescent stage (10-20 years). The sixth stage of my life was early adulthood (20 to 30 years). The seventh stage of an individual life is middle adulthood (40 to 50 years) while the last psychological development stage is late adulthood (60 years and above) (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2012).

My first live experience was at my infancy stage. This stage is either characterized by trust or mistrust of the surrounding environment. The infant develops a belief that the caregiver and the surrounding environment should meet her or his social and physiological needs. The quality of childcare and relationship with a caregiver is important in ensuring trust. The child may either develop feelings of joy or even sadness and fear of the environment depending on the provision of the needs (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2012). Personally, I trusted the immediate environment and had feelings of physical comfort since my basic needs were adequately met. My parents provided me with enough warmth, comfort, and food. My parents who acted as the caregivers were responsive to my needs and made me have an expectation of a pleasant world in the future. I believe that if my caregiver’s failed in their responsibilities, I would now be viewing the world as an insecure place that is comprised of suspicion and frustrations (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2012).

During my early childhood (between eighteen months and three years), I developed a sense of autonomy. According to Erikson’s model, this life stage experience is either characterized by autonomy or doubt. If the child trusts the environment, he develops a sense of self-control, but may also develop regrets for the inappropriate use of a control (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2012).

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