Order DescriptionThis quiz is based on Ancient Egyptian Style : Exploring Art: A Global and Thematic Approach. 4th Edition
Why were Neolithic human populations of North Africa forced to move and relocate, eventually re-settling in the Nile River Valley
Miiltary invasions from Indo-Aryans forced many of these settled populations to seek refuge farther east, in order to avoid enslavement
Severe flooding of the Mediterranean Sea along the coastal North African regions prompted almost all of these people to flee
There occurred a gradual decline in rainfall and an increase in more sandy soil, as much of this region transformed into desert
None of the above
What was the primary reason that the ancient Egyptians created works of art, such as sculpture and painting
Art was produced in order to commemorate the events of Egyptian history
Art was produced in order to educate the Egyptian populace about their religion, culture and traditions.
Art was produced in order to decorate the palaces and homes of the upper-class Egyptians and pharoahs
Art was produced in order to please the eyes of the immortal spirits of those deceased.
What was the Egyptian stylistic approach to representing the human figure in painting and relief sculpture
Human figures were naturalistically represented, with carefully observed and accurate anatomy, proportions and facial features.
Human figures were represented in dynamic and dramatic poses, to help convey narratives and particularly narratives in horizontal registers or friezes.
Human figures were portrayed in hieratic scale, englarged regardless of how they may have appeared in actuality.
Human figures were portrayed as ennobled, dignified and serene, as such portrayals were deemed important for the afterlife.
Why was the Stepped Pyramid of Djoser such in important development in ancient Egyptian funerary architecture
It was begun as a large mastaba, then composed as a series of mastabas of diminishing size, stacked one atop another.
It was essentially the first pyramid and the preliminary form for magnificent structures such as the Great Pyramids at Gizeh.
It glorified the Pharoah’s divinity and absolute power.
It was designed as a series of planes to symbolized the rays of the sun and the emblem of the sun god Re, who was the most important Egyptian deity.
Why did the descendants of Abraham, through his son Isaac and grandson Joseph, relocate to Egypt
There was a drought in Canaan, and they consequently migrated south and eventually resettled in Egypt.
It is believed that God appeared to Abraham and made a covenant, which promised Abraham and his descendants a land of their own in Egypt if they would worship only God.
When the Hebrews divided into 12 tribes, the decendants of the tribe of David sought to leave Jerusalem and establish a new homeland.
Moses was led by God’s divine aid to Egypt with the Hebrews in order to obtain the Ten Commandments.
What was the specific function of a sculpture portraying the deceased Pharaoh
The sculpted portrait was understood as the deceased immortal self and served as a dwelling place for the “ka”.
The sculpted portrait was intended to preserve an image of the pharoah so that future generations of his divine successors could honor and remember him.
The sculpted portrait was displayed to the general populace of Egypt in order to worship the pharaoh, whom they believed was divine both in life and afterlife.
The sculpted portrait was used in sacrificial ritual to the Sun God, Re, rather than a living, human sacrifice.
The Egyptian style of human figure sculpture is exemplified in the sculpted portrait Menkaure and Khamerernebty by ALL of the following attributes EXCEPT:
The pharaoh is smiling gently and serenely, as he would be forever in the afterlife.
The sculpture does not have any protruding parts that could potentially break off, thus compromising the pharoah’s deceased immortal dwelling place for the afterlife.
The sculpture suppresses all movement, and with it, the notion of time, to create an eternal stillness.
The sculpture is formulated as a figure whose body (legs, hips, torso, shoulders) are portrayed in 3/4 view, while the head and face are portrayed in profile view.
In the Palette of Narmer, why can an uninformed viewer still easily recognize the pharaoh
He is portrayed as a dynamic and heroic warrior.
He is portrayed in hieratic scale.
He is represented wearing the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt.
The god Horus, portrayed as a falcon, is present and protecting the pharaoh.