treatment effectiveness research in Abnormal Psychology

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Assignment 2 (20%)
Treatment Effectiveness Research in Abnormal Psychology
The purpose of this assignment is to use empirical (research studies) literature to evaluate the effectiveness of a specific treatment for a particular mental disorder. You should pose a specific statement that you are examining in your paper (i.e., hypothesis), and using empirical papers from peer-reviewed journals, your essay should attempt to support or oppose the hypothesis. You may choose something different, but to ensure your topic is appropriate or possible, you should discuss the new topic with the instructor and get some feedback prior to beginning the writing process.
It is required that you use 5 quantitative, empirical articles from peer-reviewed journals as your sources of information. Empirical articles are original research studies where data was collected from a sample of participants. These are original sources that do not review articles or describe other people s work. You may use more than 5 empirical articles, but ensure you include enough information about each study to describe the research in reaching your conclusions (e.g., relevant information from the method and results section of the article to understand the study s conclusions).
Your essay should (1) briefly introduce the topic, (2) review the quantitative, empirical articles from peer-reviewed journals, and (3) provide an overall conclusion that summarizes and critiques the research articles. The essay should not exceed 6 pages (not including title page and reference list; hence, maximum 8 pages).
For each research study/article, you should summarize key points of each article, which include:
purpose of the article (specific research question or hypothesis)
brief summary of the sample and methods (including variables and how they are measured)
description of the specific results
overall conclusion
any limitations and strengths of the study (regarding findings and/or method used)
Important to Note
APA formatting is mandatory (typewritten, double-spaced, 12 pt font, one-inch margins):
o Title page, page headers, and page numbering
o Reference citations in the essay and full reference list
Sample Topics: These are sample options for you to choose from, but these are not exhaustive.
Exposure and ritual prevention therapy and obsessive-compulsive disorder
Prolonged exposure therapy for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Cognitive behavioural therapy and bulimia
Panic control treatment (PCT) and panic disorder
Lithium and bipolar disorder type I
Eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and depression
Sensate focus and orgasmic disorder
Dialectical behaviour therapy and borderline personality disorder
Relapse prevention with specific substance abuse disorders
Specific behavioural/conditioning therapies with specific paraphilias

Instructor Guidance

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT: FEDERALISM, CONGRESS AND POLICY-MAKING
; A republic, by which I mean a government in which the scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect and promises the cure for which we are seeking. James Madison (Mark’s Quotes, 1790)
Week Two Instructor Guidance
This week, we will focus on the concept of federalism. Federalism is the idea that the federal and state governments share power. We will also focus on Congress, specifically in terms of Congressional policies and how these national policy impact our daily life.
Regarding the idea of federalism, most of what we hear today involving federalism deals with questions of federal and state responsibilities. For example, if a state legalizes marijuana but the federal government still views it as an illegal drug, who has the final say Another example is the case of school desegregation the federal government required desegregation, but certain states were slow to act (see Section 3.8 of your textbook). In this second example, the federal government made use of federal troops to enforce policy. However, there are numerous other approaches the federal government uses to try and enforce policy.

(Balance of Powers, 2015).
As we discussed last week, the Constitution involves a series of checks and balances. Federalism is another of these balances as it helps to balance the powers between the national, state, and local governments.
A Quick Study of American Federalism
Dr. James Klein, a former Ashford instructor, provides three detailed videos that highlight many of the key concepts that are important to understand regarding Federalism. Make sure you continue to watch through all three parts!
https://youtu.be/jn54hCIxF3Q – Video

(Klein, 2012).
The other important concepts this week involve the role of Congress in the policymaking process. As Fine (2016) discusses, apportionment is simply the distribution of seats for the U.S. House of Representatives. There are 435 seats in the House, and apportionment is the idea of how our government decides how many seats each state receives. This is based on population. The higher the population in a state, the more seats they receive in the House.
The process in which a bill becomes a law is also addressed. One key point to remember is that a bill may only be introduced by a member of Congress. The President cannot introduce a bill in Congress. For example, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (also known as PPACA, ACA, or Obamacare) was actually H.R. 3590 (House Resolution 3590 from the 111th Congress) introduced by Charles Rangel, a Congressman from New York. The President s role involves supporting legislation and encouraging legislation to be taken up by Congress, but he cannot actually sponsor or propose a bill in the chamber.
Schoolhouse Rock: America – I’m Just a Bill
Schoolhouse Rock provides an fun (and catchy!) take on how a bill becomes a law.
https://youtu.be/FFroMQlKiag – Video

( Disney Educational Productions, 2011).
Throughout the week, think about the differences between the House and Senate, the role of Congress as it relates to the other branches, and how members of Congress are elected.
As you read Chapter 3 and 4 this week, please consider the following questions:
1. What is federalism
2. Do federal or state policies take priority
3. How do states and/or the federal government enforce their decisions on the other
4. What does the Constitution say about this
Remember, to focus on fact, not opinion, when researching and discussing these concepts this week.

A More Perfect Union: Constitution USA with Peter Sagal

(A more Perfect Union, 2013).
WEEK TWO LEARNING ACTIVITIES

Discussion #1 Policy and Your Life
1st Post Due by Day 3 Thursday
Select a policy or piece of legislation that directly impacts your current or future profession (i.e., your major). In your initial post, discuss the federalism challenges that this policy is creating or facing. For example:
If you are an education major, how are local, state, and federal government policies affected by the Every Student Succeeds Act or some other piece of education-related legislation Please be sure to view the supplemental material that is included as a part of this discussion question.
If you are a criminal justice major, how does recent legalization of marijuana in some states affect local, state, and federal marijuana laws
If you are a business major, how does the insurance mandate in the Affordable Care Act affect local, state, and national businesses and their employees
If you are a political science major how has the recent Citizen s United ruling affected the amount of money available for campaigns at the local, state, or federal levels
Fully respond to all parts of the prompt and write your response in your own words. Your initial must be at least 300 words. Support your position with at least two of the assigned resources required for this discussion, and/or peer reviewed scholarly sources obtained through the AU Library databases. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly in-text and in a references list at the end of the post. A minimum of two substantive (minimum of 100 words) follow-up responses are required.
Journal Week Two Journal
Due by Day 7 Monday
Once you have read all of the course readings for the week, reviewed this guidance, the supplemental resources and completed your discussion question post, you are ready to critically analyze the content, and write a meaningful self- reflection on how these concepts may impact your academic, personal and/or professional lives. Think about how federalism and the U.S. Congress impacts your personal life. How do federal policies impact your current job or will they impact your future career Does Congress have any oversight regarding your workplace
Describe how federal policy affects your current or desired workplace.
Explain the role Congress has in establishing workplace conditions in your current or desired job. Your Journal must be a minimum of 1 page, in APA format. It should include specifics, significance, and analysis to fully address each of the content items, and illustrate your understanding of the content and context in which it impacts you.

Week Two Quiz
Due by Day 3 – Thursday
This quiz covers the material from the textbook in Chapters 3 and 4. Please be sure to note that it is due on Thursday and plan accordingly. You have two attempts to complete the quiz. Your last score is the one that is recorded in the gradebook.
Week Two Learning Activity
Due by Day 7 – Monday
This week you will continue the process of preparing for your Final Paper through the learning activity worksheet. This week s worksheet focuses on federalism and the specific relationships between local, state, and national government. To begin this process, it is important to select a specific national policy and think about how the policy you select showcases federalism. Think about the topic you discussed in Discussion Question 1 this week and the resource provided that illustrates possible examples. Is this policy implemented by the federal bureaucracy
Remember, it is vital to support your ideas with full APA citations and to fully explain how the sources you ve selected support your main point.
Your Week Two Learning Activity focuses on federalism. Utilizing the worksheet template, you will address the following with specifics, significance and analysis as you:
1. Describe one advantage to a national policy that must be implemented by one agency of the federal bureaucracy.
2. Describe one disadvantage to a national policy that must be implemented by one agency of the federal bureaucracy.
3. Recommend one option to maintain the advantage of the national policy discussed.
4. Recommend one option to improve the disadvantage of the national policy discussed.
5. Effectively utilize and cite at least two scholarly sources to provide evidence or support, to back up your arguments (opinions) expressed.
As part of this assignment, it is vital that you support your ideas with full APA citations both within the paragraphs and as a reference list.
Please read through the Final Paper prompt and the POL 201 Model Paper Template before completing this assignment as it having a clear understanding of what is expected for the Final Paper will help you as you complete the Learning Activities that help to build your Final Paper.
It is highly suggested that you review the POL201 research guide as part of completing the learning activity assignments.

WEEK TWO CHECKLIST

Week 2 Learning Activities Due Date
Review Materials and Course Syllabus Tuesday Day 1
Review and Reflect on Instructor Guidance Tuesday Day 1
Read Chapter 3 and 4 of American Governmentby Levin-Waldman No later than Day 3
Review the Required Articles and Multimedia:
America the Undertaxed
Are taxes too damn high
Quick Study of Federalism Part 1
Quick Study of Federalism Part 2
Quick Study of Federalism Part 3
No later than Day 3
Post initial response to Discussion #1 Policy and Your Life Thursday Day 3
Complete Week Two Quiz focusing on Chapters 3 and 4 of the text Thursday Day 3
Week Two Journal Monday Day 7
Complete Research and Worksheet for Week Two Learning Activity Monday Day 7
Post two responses to peers in Discussion #1 Policy and Your Life Monday Day 7

UPCOMING ASSIGNMENTS

Final Research Project: America s Democracy: Your Report Card
You are encouraged to continue working on your final research project this week. In Week One, you developed ideas regarding the major questions addressed in your final regarding the United States Constitution. Read through the feedback your instructor provided you within WayPoint regarding this assignment this week and think about how you can expand your ideas regarding this research for your final paper.
Take a few minutes to read through the Week 5 Final Paper prompt and think about how you will utilize the research and ideas you generated in Week 1 to complete section 3 of the paper. Be sure to utilize the POL 201 Model Paper Guide and format your paper according to APA 6th edition guidelines.
Final Thoughts
Good luck this week and I look forward to exploring the concepts of federalism, Congress, and policy-making further with you this week in our discussion. As always, if you have any questions, comments, or concerns, please feel free to post a question in the Ask Your Instructor Forum or email your instructor directly.
REFERENCES
A more perfect union: Constitution USA with Peter Sagal [Video file]. (2013). In Films on Demand. Retrieved September 28, 2015, from https://secure.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx token=58627&aid=18596&plt=FOD&loid=0&w=560&h=315&fWidth=580&fHeight=365

Balances of Powers. (2015, July 13). Retrieved from Teach-nology.com: http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/soc_studies/constit/1/

Campbell, A. L. (2012). America the undertaxed: U.S. fiscal policy in perspective. Foreign Affairs, 91(5), 99-0_2. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1034967506 accountid=32521

Disney Educational Productions. (2011, December 8). Schoolhouse Rock: America – I’m Just a Bill Music Video. Retrieved July 13, 2015, from YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch v=FFroMQlKiag
Required Resources

Text
Fine, T. S., & Levin-Waldman, O. M. (2016). American Government (2nd ed.) [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/
Chapter 3: Federalism
Chapter 4: Congress and Policy Making
Articles
Campbell, A. L. (2012). America the Undertaxed: U.S. Fiscal Policy in Perspective. Foreign Affairs, 91(5), 99-112. Retrieved from EBSCOhost
This article provides information to support arguments that Americans are not taxed excessively. The information provided should enable students to better understand both sides of the taxation argument in the U.S., which is core area of conflict concerning the powers of the federal government.
Accessibility Statement does not exist.
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Norquist, G. G. (2012). Are Taxes Too Damn High The Debate about the Rate: Cut and Grow. Foreign Affairs, 91(6), 156-159. Retrieved from EBSCOhost
This article provides information to support arguments that Americans are taxed excessively. The information provided should enable students to better understand both sides of the taxation argument in the U.S., which is core area of conflict concerning the powers of the federal government.
Accessibility Statement does not exist.
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Multimedia
Klein, J. H. [JamesEducationMedia]. (2012, January 29). Quick study of Federalism part 1 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch v=jn54hCIxF3Q
Part One will explain basic concepts of American federalism. This three-part video (15 minutes) describes historical debates about the division of power between national and state government and describes concepts used in modern debates about federalism. This information should expand student s understanding and appreciation for the complexities and conflicts that involve the U.S. s federal system of government.
Accessibility Statement
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Klein, J. H. [JamesEducationMedia]. (2012, January 29). Quick study of Federalism part 2 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch v=UX88g3wJTCw
Part Two will explain early Supreme Court decisions about American federalism. This three-part video (15 minutes) describes historical debates about the division of power between national and state government and describes concepts used in modern debates about federalism. This information should expand student s understanding and appreciation for the complexities and conflicts that involve the U.S. s federal system of government. This video has closed captioning and a transcript.
Accessibility Statement
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Klein, J. H. [JamesEducationMedia]. (2012, January 29). Quick study of Federalism part 3 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch v=G0Z6idma-CM
Part Three explains later Supreme Court decisions about American federalism: dual federalism and cooperative federalism. This three-part video (15 minutes) describes historical debates about the division of power between national and state government and describes concepts used in modern debates about federalism. This information should expand student s understanding and appreciation for the complexities and conflicts that involve the U.S. s federal system of government. This video has closed captioning and a transcript.
Accessibility Statement
Privacy Policy
Recommended Resources

Articles
Huang, C-C., & Frentz, N. (2014, February 18). What really is the evidence on taxes and growth A reply to the tax foundation. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Retrieved from http://www.cbpp.org/research/what-really-is-the-evidence-on-taxes-and-growth
This article provides information on the impacts of taxes on economic growth in the U.S. This article also provides additional material on how taxes can affect growth and give students insights into the impacts taxes can have on the overall economy. The perspective provided is counter to the perspective found in the McBride (2012) article.
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McBride, W. (2012, December 18). What is the evidence on taxes and growth Tax Foundation, 207. Retrieved from http://taxfoundation.org/article/what-evidence-taxes-and-growth
This article discusses the impacts of taxes on economic growth in the U.S. This article provides additional material on how taxes can affect growth and give students insights into the impacts taxes can have on the overall economy. The perspective provided is counter to the perspective found in the Huang & Nathaniel (2014) article.
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Multimedia
Hinck, T., & Buchanan, C. (Producers). (2013, May 7). Episode I – A more perfect union [Series episode]. In Constitution USA with Peter Sagal. Retrieved from https://secure.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx Token=58627&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref=
This video examines one of the revolutionary features of the Constitution, federalism, and how this system contributes to the strength of the United States government. The video provides students with several different views of how federalism affects the U.S. and how it can affect their lives. This video will provide additional background material for the Discussion, Policy and Your Life. This video has closed captioning.
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